Among all the decisions you need to make to set up your business, the one about the legal status of your car garage is not the least of them. You can't dedicate yourself to vehicle repair until you've chosen the right form for your future business. Each legal form has its own advantages and disadvantages in terms of tax, governance, management and social rules. Before you drown in a sea of information that is difficult to summarise, here is a short practical guide to grasp the subject and choose the right legal status for your car garage.
Benefit from EXCEPTIONAL ADVANTAGES reserved for PROs!
If you decide to create your garage alone, you can do so in the form of a microenterprise, EIRL, EURLor ASASU. You do not take on partners, as your structure is attached to your person.
These legal forms have the advantage of flexibility. The management of the company is simple. You are the sole proprietor or shareholder and your decisions are not subject to any voting or arbitration.
It's not often that a garage owner opts for this status, unless you want to operate as a home mechanic.
|The +||The -|
|Quick and free set-up formalities.||
Annual turnover limit of €72 500, for a service provision activity.
|Simplification of accounting obligations.||Lack of protection of your personal assets.|
Simplicity of the tax system: taxation is calculated on the basis of annual turnover with a flat-rate deduction for expenses.
|Non-deductible VAT on purchases from suppliers.|
The microenterprise allows you not to spend too much time on all kinds of administrative formalities.
The EIRL regime was created in 2011. Intended to complement the sole proprietorship scheme and to fill in some of its gaps, it is however little used.
|The +||The -|
|Simplicity of the formalities of creation.||No partner possible, which limits the possibilities of the company's evolution.|
Protection of personal assets (making a declaration of assignment of EIRL assets).
|Burdensome accounting obligations (additional work and administrative formalities for the manager).|
Choice of tax regime : microenterprise, corporate tax or sole proprietorship.
|Taxation of certain dividends.|
The SASU and the EURL are companies, which means that you have to draw up statutes. We strongly recommend that you contact a chartered accountant to help you with this complex process.
|Minimum share capital set at €1.||Minimum share capital set at €1.|
Liability limited to the amount of the contributions.
|Liability limited to the amount of the contributions.|
Status of the manager : regime of assimilated employees. This implies good coverage in the event of an accident at work.
Possible evolution into a SARL.
|Possible evolution in SAS.||Social regime for non-salaried workers (obligation to take out supplementary insurance for work-related accidents).|
High social charges (due to the status of the manager).
If the SASU is subject to corporation tax (i.e. profits are taxed), the EURL can choose its tax regime: IS or IR (income tax).
The match here is going to be between the SARL (Société Anonyme à responsabilité Limitée) and the SAS( Simplified Shares Company) for your future car mechanics business. Both of these legal forms are companies, which implies the drafting of statutes. The drafting of these articles of association as well as their publication incur costs.
About €300 for the compulsory administrative formalities and around £500 if you use an online service provider, to help you with the formalities. If you prefer the advice and expertise of a law firm or accountant, the cost will be multiplied by 3 or 4.
Finally, the use of a commissaire aux apports (to evaluate your contribution, especially if more than half of it is made up of contributions in kind) also raises the bill by several hundred euros.
These two types of company also require you to choose a company name (unlike an EIRL and an Æ).
Creating your company gives your project some consistency. Although the minimum share capital is set at £1, it is advisable to bring in much more, for the obvious sake of credibility.
The SAS is a legal form regularly chosen for business creation. It can be a perfect fit for your future mechanic workshop. It is particularly suitable for projects intended to grow, as it is fairly easy to bring in partners to the capital.
The SARL is perfect for family projects (SARL familiale). It is secure for the partners and offers - under certain conditions - a more advantageous tax regime.
In both cases, at least two partners are required.
|Minimum share capital set at £1.||Minimum share capital set at £1.|
Smooth and flexible operation.
Protection of personal assets.
|Advantageous tax treatment||Capital security (approval required for any sale of shares).|
|The manager is treated as an employee.||No contribution auditor.|
|Choice of the location of the registered office.||Social regime of the manager imposed (social security for the self-employed if the manager has a majority).|
|Cost of the creation.||Cost of the creation.|
|Obligation to use a contribution auditor.|
What about your spouse? Whether you are married, in a civil partnership or in a common-law relationship, your significant other can share the entrepreneurial adventure with you. Since 2005, the role of the spouse has been firmly regulated by law. These legal provisions make it possible to avoid abuses, but also to fully value the involvement of your partner in the creation and growth of your garage.
Each status must be studied precisely, because it has advantages and disadvantages, particularly in terms of social protection and cost to the company.
The website of the Ministry of the Economy and Finance provides you with all the elements and documents to be taken into account to determine with certainty the status you wish to choose for your spouse.
The declaration of your spouse's status is made to the CFE (Business Formalities Center) on which you depend.